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Duckhorn Portfolio Wine Blog

Posts written by Neil Bernardi, Vice President of Winemaking  and many special guest bloggers. This collection of insights on winemaking, farming, entertaining and more is a great way to learn about the excitement of winery life and tips for enjoying the wines we produce.

Morgan Beard - Associate Marketing Manager, Consumer

How to Taste Wine

How To Taste Wine

Wine tasting is an exploration of geography, variety and the winemaking style. There is no better way to expand your wine palate than to taste more wine! So, try hosting an at-home wine tasting with a group of friends or visit wine country and begin exploring your taste preferences!


The experience of tasting wine is a journey of your senses. There is no right or wrong way to taste, it is an experience that incorporates sight, smell, and taste. 


Wine is visual! Tasting starts with sight and an examination of the wines color, opacity and viscosity. The color and opacity gives you insights to the varietal and its age. Red wine with age has an orange tint around the edges, while white wine evolves with tints of gold and brown. The wine viscosity is an excellent indicator of the body and sugar content.


Swirling wine pulls oxygen into the glass which helps to awaken the hundreds of aromas in the wine. These aromas give you insights into the grape varietal, the growing region and even the winemaking process. Aromas can be categorized by fruit, flowers, herbs, spices, nuttiness and more.


At last, we are ready to taste the wine! Start off with a sip and swish of the wine around your mouth. Our tongues taste through five flavor categorizations: they are salt, sour, sweet, bitter and umami. Grapes have natural sugar and acid, which we can taste in the finished wine. In addition, the barrel cooperage gives off a bitter or astringent component.

Mouthfeel is a critical factor of taste and there are numerous wine components that influence mouthfeel: tannin, acidity, sweetness, alcohol and body. These compounds create a reaction. For instance, tannin is bitter and astringent with a mouth-drying component. On the opposite spectrum is acidity, which contributes a tartness or tingling sensation that makes your mouth water. Sweetness can be a measure of the residual sugar, but high tannin and high acidity can mask sweetness. Alcohol can be sensed as heat toward the back of our throats. The body of a wine is measured by its weight and range of watery to thick.

Wine also has a time component. There is a taste journey or timeline, in which the tasting experience has a beginning, middle (mid-palate) and end (finish). In this time frame, the wine aromas and flavors change as they travel from your first sip, to the mid-palate and finish.


Lastly, ask yourself how the wine tasted? Was it balanced, youthful, fruit forward, complex?

The most important question of all, is if you liked it? What do you taste? Are there new fruit flavors that present themselves separate from what’s on the nose? Is the fruit bright and refreshing or subtle? Is the texture and mouthfeel intense, sharp, silky, smooth, lush or creamy? Is the presence of oak apparent in the form of tobacco, vanilla, black tea, coffee?

At the end of the day, wine tasting is a meant to be fun! It’s a personal experience and exploration of what aromas and flavors speak to you. So, we suggest grabbing some friends and diving into the tasting experience!

Time Posted: Feb 26, 2019 at 2:42 PM Permalink to How to Taste Wine Permalink
Sam Buckingham - Harvest Intern

Pinot Noir Perfection

Pinot Noir Perfection

Anderson Valley is the perfect place for Pinot Noir! Yet, this wine region is off the beaten path and relatively unknown. But, for those who understand the nuances of this valley, would certainly call Anderson Valley the ideal home for world-class Pinot Noir.

Pinot Noir is a finicky varietal to grow. Much like Goldilocks not wanting her porridge too hot or too cold, the Anderson Valley is just right for Pinot Noir. Cool coastal fog funnels in from Mendocino through the Redwood Forest along the Navarro River, only to dissipate for a few hours during the afternoon, giving way to bright and warm sunlight. That cool fog retains acidity in the grapes and the warm afternoon sun increases the sugar content in the grape. Meaning that the Pinot Noir here experiences a consistent ripening.

Anderson Valley offers two distinct terroirs in the form of steep ridgelines and low valley floor, both of which accentuate the best of Pinot Noir. The ridgeline vineyards experience a very different growing season than the valley floor blocks. A more intense sunlight radiates off the ridgelines throughout the day meanwhile the fog sits in the valley floor. The ridgeline slopes create a natural runoff and irrigation system which contributes to development of smaller berries and tighter bunches, with more concentration. Yields on these ridgelines are often smaller due to the vines focus on root growth, as they search deep into the gravely loam soils for nutrients. The intense ridgeline sunlight helps develop a thicker-skinned berry, establishing a stronger tannin presence in the wine. The fruit from the valley floor exhibits fruit forwardness and rich lush textures as well as earthy notes. Winemakers in Anderson Valley are able to craft beautifully rounded and balances wines from these different terroirs.

Due to the Anderson Valley’s weaving terrain, it has a range of microclimates that allow for different profiles of juice to develop, some with bright acidity and others with dark fruit aromas. In most wine growing regions, only one of these flavor identifiers are present. The wines coming out of Anderson Valley are unique in that bright red fruit aromas are on the nose, but at the same time strong acidity, tannin and dark fruit flavors hit the palate. Much like the morning maritime fog gives way to the afternoon sun, the bright red fruit aromas on the nose give way to darker and bolder flavors on the palate.

Here at Goldeneye, we produce a range of Pinot Noirs grown on both the valley floor and steep ridgelines, shop here to see our offerings!

Time Posted: Jan 3, 2019 at 2:59 PM Permalink to Pinot Noir Perfection Permalink
Madison Ellis - Trade and Marketing Events Coordinator

Plan The Biggest Celebration of the Holidays!

Plan A Holiday Celebration

10 Tips for Holiday Entertaining:

The holidays are here! Can you hear the sleigh bells ringing? There is no better way to celebrate than with delicious culinary delights, world-class wines and your closest comrades.

Plan the most beloved bash of the holiday season by following the tips below from your favorite Events Team!

  • Tip 1: Have a Partner in Planning Crime – whether it is your significant other or your best friend, it is always beneficial to have an ally in planning. Two imaginations are always better than one!
  • Tip 2: Start Small – For your inaugural party, keep the guest count modest and manageable, recognizing that you can grow each year. We suggest starting with 12 guests (6 couples). This will ensure the setting is intimate and will allow all guests to interact with one another.
  • Tip 3: Plan an Activity – Give everyone something to look forward to and encourage some friendly holiday competition! Request that each couple brings two bottles of a selected wine and one dish to pair it with. Guests will vote on their favorite pairing, and the winners go home with an award, building special holiday traditions to look forward to each year.
  • Tip 4: Keep Things Organized – In order to prevent repeat dishes or wines, create a simple shared document or group text for everyone to submit their culinary creation and pairing varietal. This will encourage diversity of cuisines!
  • Tip 5: Create the Base – With your guests bearing the bounty for the main course, take it upon yourself to design the best crudité, cheese and charcuterie board to keep everyone satiated until the pairings begin. Add a handcrafted touch by trying out this delicious rosemary parmesan cheese straw recipe.
  • Tip 6: Provide the Necessities – While your loved ones focus on the food, you can administer the accoutrements. The essentials include: ample glassware, ice, plates, cocktail napkins, service-ware and non-alcoholic beverages.
  • Tip 7: Begin with Bubbles! – Nothing says celebration quite like sparkling wine. Welcome your friends by starting the evening with 2015 Goldeneye Anderson Valley Brut Rosé Sparkling Wine.
  • Tip 8: Play Photographer – Everyone wants photo memories, and no one remembers to take them! Once all guests have arrived, set aside 5-10 minutes to snap candid shots of the party. Don’t forget to get everyone together for a group shot!
  • Tip 9: Keep a Few Surprises Up Your Sleeve – Our favorite element of ‘surprise and delight’ is sharing an exceptional wine. Bring out the special bottle of 2014 Duckhorn Vineyards The Discussion Napa Valley Red Wine you have been saving for the right occasion.
  • Tip 10: Present Your Guests with a Parting Gift – Although it is certain that no one will forget this night, provide your friends with a little memento upon parting. Whether it be an edible peanut brittle or a customized ornament, a thoughtful treat at departure is always a nice touch.
Time Posted: Dec 13, 2018 at 4:34 PM Permalink to Plan The Biggest Celebration of the Holidays! Permalink
Morgan Beard - Associate Marketing Manager, Consumer

Holiday Gifts for Wine Lovers

What are the perfect gifts for wine enthusiasts? We are bringing you a few of our favorite wine accessories, wine themed gifts and technology and wine experiences to help guide your holiday shopping.

Menagerie Aerator Pourers

Menagerie Aerator Pourers

A wine aerator is a must have accessory for any wine lover! Aerator’s are devices that enable oxygen to interact with the wine in an effort to ‘awaken the aromas'. These devices are especially handy when you do not have one-to-two hours to decant your wine ,but want to soften the tannins and/or awaken the fruit aromas. Menagerie aerators are forged from high grade stainless steel, are dishwasher safe and offer over 100 different animal-themed styles! We are partial to the duck aerator!


West Wine Tours

West Wine Tours

Wine tasting is all about the experience. The crew at West Wine Tours is taking that experience to a new level. These guys will take you on the quintessential Napa Valley tasting tour in a classic VW bus. Their day-long tour includes stops at three Napa Valley wineries for tastings as well as a delicious lunch. Tours start at $125 per person with their VW bus capacity ranging from 6 people to 8.


Riedel Decanter

Reidel Decanters

A decanter is a must-have item for any wine lover and an exquisite gift item. We decant older wines to remove the sediment and we decant younger wines to awaken their aromas. In addition, there is a charm and grace associated with the use of a decanter, thus enhancing the wine experience. Riedel crafts a range of decanters in with both elegant and playful designs making it a perfect gift for the wine lover in your life. Read more about decanting here: To Decant or Not to Decant


Coravin Wine System

Coravin Wine System

This innovative gadget siphons wine from the bottle without removing the cork and spoiling an entire bottle from oxidation. Coravin technology enables consumers to drink a glass today, lay down the bottle and pour another glass months or even years later, while keeping the wine fresh!

This is the perfect gift for those who want to test wines in their cellar or for those who just don’t want to finish a bottle.


Duckhorn Portfolio Holiday Wine Gifts

Duckhorn Portfolio Wine Gift Sets

With a total of 8 brands under our Duckhorn Portfolio umbrella, we have the perfect wine for every palate. Our small lot and single vineyards wines help curate a full selection of wine gift packs ready for giving. Our wine gift sets can only be purchased directly from our winery. So, whether you are shopping for a Merlot lover, a Cabernet Connoisseur or Pinot Noir aficionado, we have hand-selected luxury red and white wine offerings to please every palate!

Cheers and happy holiday shopping! Check out our online gift shop.


Time Posted: Dec 5, 2018 at 10:30 AM Permalink to Holiday Gifts for Wine Lovers Permalink
Madison Ellis - Trade and Marketing Events Coordinator

Five Tips for a Bountiful Thanksgiving Experience

Thanksgiving Celebration

Hosting a lovely Thanksgiving celebration always seems more daunting than it truly is. By following these FIVE steps, you will be sure to cook up a bountiful Thanksgiving for your loved ones.

  1. Embrace the Invite List: Thanksgiving is a time for family to reunite – but it is not just family that you can include in your celebrations. The customs of this holiday have grown beyond bloodlines, and into new traditions, such as ‘Friendsgiving.’ Invite your closest pals and mutual friends to embrace the inclusivity of this beloved holiday.
    Tip: Always allot for one extra person than your guest count for that last-minute addition!
  2. Choose the Perfect Flock of Wines: When choosing your wines for service, select those that pair well with your autumn-ingedient provisions. Pinot Noir is often known as the quintessential Thanksgiving wine due to its amazing versatility. Lucky for you, the Duckhorn Portfolio offers a beautiful array of Pinot Noir from many climates spanning from the Anderson Valley to Santa Maria Valley. Some of our favorite Pinots for pairing right now are the Goldeneye Anderson Valley Pinot Noir and the Migration Santa Maria Pinot Noir Bien Nacido Vineyard.
  3. Pre-Plan for Showtime: Advanced preparation will save time on the big day when you are an hour from guest arrival. Prior to Thanksgiving, outline your shopping list and dinner timeline. Get the groceries purchased early to avoid the last-minute market mayhem and allow for multiple days of cooking to ensure you aren’t running laps around your kitchen on Thursday.
    Tip: Poll your attendees for any dietary restrictions in advance so you can ensure all guests are well-fed.
  4. Create New Traditions: There are many special traditions associated with Thanksgiving, especially surrounding family-favorite dishes. Customize your meal by incorporating the culture and interests of your family and friends in attendance. Dinner can go beyond the turkey. Try one of these fall recipes to spice up your Thanksgiving menu, or welcome your guests to bring their favorite childhood dish!
  5. Add a Personal Touch: Build your custom tablescape according to the occasion. Using the elements around you is a great start. Heirloom pumpkins can be found at your local pumpkin patch or market. Pine cones, leaves and branches can also often be sourced from your own backyard. When in doubt, keep it natural and simple!
    Tip: Creating specialized name cards with assigned seating can mix things up and encourage new conversation amongst guests!
Time Posted: Nov 15, 2018 at 10:00 AM Permalink to Five Tips for a Bountiful Thanksgiving Experience Permalink
Sasha B. - Membership & Customer Service Manager

Thanksgiving Wine Pairing: Pinot Noir & Sparkling

Thanksgiving Wines

We get a lot of questions this time of year asking which wine(s) go best with Thanksgiving. Dinner parties can be tricky enough when it comes to wine pairings, but especially with this holiday. Not only do you have an abundance of family and friends with many palates to please, you are also working with many different ingredients, spices and textures. Everything comes together on one plate and each dish starts to merge into one – there is a lot going on. So which wine pairs well with all of the different dishes? The answer is Pinot Noir!

Why is Pinot Noir perfect for your holiday feast?

Pinot Noir is a beautifully balanced medium-bodied wine with bright acidity. It will be soft and subtle enough for the lighter dishes on your table, but it also has just the right amount of structure, fruit and supple tannins to hold up to bigger dishes.

When it comes to my family, the side dishes are the star of the meal. We tend to stick to the classic Thanksgiving dishes (no turducken on our table)! But every year I like to try at least one new side dish. Sometimes it works and sometimes it’s a one-hit wonder. I tried this recipe out a few years ago and it has now become a family staple: Brussel sprouts with pancetta and lemon with fig vinaigrette. Brussel sprouts in general can by a finicky dish to pair, but the integrated components of this dish complement Pinot Noir well. The bright acidity from the lemon matches the acidity in the wine, so it highlights both the dish and the wine without overwhelming either. The savory notes from the caramelization of the brussel sprouts and saltiness from the pancetta highlight the red fruit and soft tannin structure of the wine.

To take your festivities to the next level, consider a festive Sparkling Rosé, like our Goldeneye Sparkling Brut Rosé (a blend of predominately Pinot Noir with Chardonnay). I firmly believe that any wine pairing problem can always be solved with bubbles! The Sparkling Brut Rosé has such great acidity with just a touch of residual sugar that it brightens and lightens your heavier dishes, (which let’s face it, most holiday dishes tend to be)! You can serve this wine at every course. From popping a cork upon your guest’s arrival through dessert, it is a great way to to complement your holiday gathering.

Whether you are hosting your own Thanksgiving or wondering what wine to bring to your host, the wine to remember is Pinot Noir!

We have a diverse Pinot Noir portfolio, but here are some of my personal favorites. Try one or try them all and of course, Happy Thanksgiving!

Sasha B.
Membership & Customer Service Manager

Time Posted: Nov 13, 2018 at 1:32 PM Permalink to Thanksgiving Wine Pairing: Pinot Noir & Sparkling Permalink
Kay Malaske - Trade Relations and Education Manager

Four Decades of Dedication

Duckhorn Vineyards luxury Merlot

Here at Duckhorn Vineyards, our 41st harvest has come to a successful completion.  As we exhale, wipe our brows and take an introspective pause, reflecting upon our 4-decade love affair with Merlot is appropriate.  Today, Merlot is the second most widely planted varietal in the world. Merlot is the third most plated grape here in the Golden State and it leads the acres planted in Washington State as well as on Long Island.  Merlot is a regular and trusted choice for wine drinkers around the world.  However, when our visionary founders Dan and Margaret Duckhorn made the critical decision to focus their winemaking efforts on this grape, the wine was very minimally known.

Dan and Margaret became enamored of Merlot due to some enlightening travels they enjoyed in Bordeaux. They were particularly smitten by the wines they experienced that were made on storied Right Bank, specifically from the communes of Pomerol and St. Emillion. In those two regions Merlot is the dominant varietal and they both fell hard for the inherent smoothness, approachability, plushness and concertation displayed in the local wines. The seed was set: Duckhorn Vineyards would position itself as the preeminent producer of premium Merlot in Napa Valley.  Though many Napa Valley wineries were using Merlot as a blending grape in the late seventies, few were exploring the potential of this varietal as a stand-alone wine.

Ric Forman, a helpful local friend introduced Dan to the remarkable brother-brother team of John and Sloan Uptown, owners of the vineyard we consider our spiritual home: Three Palms Vineyard. Dan assessed this unique up-valley site to have the appropriate climate, soil, and drainage needed to grow the caliber of Merlot he wanted to put his name on. A deal was struck: the Uptons sold us the first bins of Merlot from which our founding Winemaker Tom Rinaldi created our debut wine:  1978 Duckhorn Vineyards Napa Valley Merlot Three Palms Vineyard.  Eight hundred cases of this wine were released sporting what is now one of the most recognizable labels in American wine. The use of the yellow paper and the ink drawing of a Mallard duck are recognizable elements of our brand identity today.

Making the wine was one thing, explaining it and selling it was another challenge all together. As Dan recalls in an interview with journalist and author James McClure typical responses from early customers were “What is this stuff” and regarding the mysterious varietal on the label “How do you pronounce it?” 

Ambivalence in the marketplace did not discourage Dan and Margaret and their dedicated employees. Building on our role as the first American winery to pioneer luxury Merlot, we made our debut vintage of Napa Valley Merlot in 1979.  Today this iconic wine is a juggernaut, a popular and respected choice for American wine drinkers as well as fans in over a dozen countries we reach through our export efforts.

Our passion for creating world class Merlot benefited from the boom in Merlot sales that surged in the 80s and 90s.  We stayed steady, invested in new vineyard sites,  got better and better at our craft and emerged from a slump in Merlot sales in the 2000s as a true standard-bearer. That steadiness, dedication and single-minded adherence to quality was recognized by the Wine Spectator in December of 2017 when they chose our 2014 Three Palms Merlot as the Wine of the Year. We were all humbled a well as ecstatic about this powerful recognition.

Today, we continue to make our flagship Three Palms Merlot as well as the globe-trotting Napa Valley Merlot. In addition to those two “greatest hits” we’ve added four more offerings of terroir-driven Merlots that embody the unique characteristics of their growing site.  Any one of these terrific wines demonstrate quite deliciously why Duckhorn Vineyards is often referred to as “A Master of New World Merlot.”

Time Posted: Nov 7, 2018 at 10:51 AM Permalink to Four Decades of Dedication Permalink
Morgan Beard - Associate Marketing Manager, Consumer

Paraduxx Spotlight

Paraduxx Winemaker Don LaBorde

2018 is a special vintage for Paraduxx as it commemorates our 25th harvest! So, we sat down with winemaker Don LaBorde to chat about our 25-year history, evolution and inspiration from the great blends of the world.

Can you walk us through Paraduxx’s origin and evolution?

Dan Duckhorn was truly intrigued with the Super-Tuscans (Sangiovese) and Vega-Sicilia’s (Tempranillo) coming out of Italy and Spain. He appreciated how these regions began blending their native varietals with a Bordeaux grape and effectively pioneered a new winemaking style. “Dan’s thinking was let’s create our own new category,” using what could be called California’s closest thing to a native grape, Zinfandel blended with Cabernet Sauvignon. In, 1994 we released our inaugural vintage, which blended Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Merlot and Petite Sirah.

How would you describe our series of wines today?

Today, our line-up of Paraduxx wines are inspired by the iconic blends of the world – as originally imagined by Dan Duckhorn. “So, we actually make a Super-Tuscan style Sangiovese-Cabernet blend (Atlas Peak) and we have a Tempranillo-Cabernet blend crafted in the classic Vega-Sicilia style (Ridgeline). We found that Howell Mountain has beautiful Syrah, so we have crafted a Penfolds Grange style Cabernet-Syrah blend paying homage to new world style wine.”

What makes the Paraduxx Style unique?

Paraduxx is the only Napa Valley winery dedicated to crafting blends inspired by the iconic blends of the world, with a Napa twist. “We make a ripe, bold style of red wine and a very bright and acidic style of white wine. So, we pick the whites fairly early with high acid levels, no oak or malolactic fermentation, we like to keep them crisp, bright and light-bodied with intense aromas and a sharp palate. In the reds we like to have ripe, darker fruit characters. Oak is there, but mostly in the background, we use only 40-60% oak. Our set of wines is unique, we don’t have to follow all the varietal rules, we can be playful with our creative winemaking and blending the best wine possible.”

How is the 25th Harvest turning out?

“At Paraduxx, we are a month late! The quality is there, the crop is above average, which is probably why it is a little late too, it’s taking awhile to ripen up. The weather has been cool, and we’ve had one rain event; overall we have really nice flavor development in the grape.” In comparison to last year, we had numerous heat spikes early in the harvest season, but this vintage and 25th Harvest we are seeing slow and even ripening, so far everything tastes amazing.

We celebrated with our storied 25th Harvest with our annual Harvest Party uncorking the release of the pinnacle of our portfolio, the 2015 Paraduxx Napa Valley X2.

Time Posted: Oct 22, 2018 at 4:20 PM Permalink to Paraduxx Spotlight Permalink
Kay Malaske - Trade Relations and Education Manager

To Decant or Not to Decant

duckhorn decanter

To decant or not to decant, that is the question! At its most basic to decant simply means to transfer the contents of a bottle of wine into a new vessel.  For this process to be most beneficial the decanter will be larger and have more surface area than the original bottle.

Okay, but why do this? Fundamentally, decanting serves two purposes: to separate a wine from any sediment that may have formed and to aerate a wine enhancing its aromas and flavors creating more vibrancy before serving. Decanting is most associated with the service of older wines but, conversely, younger wines can also benefit from this step.  At the core of the matter decanting allows the wine to come in more contact with oxygen.  Oxygen, during its initial contact with a wine can be very helpful,  enhancing a wine’s flavors and softening it. Think about the wine being “caught” in the bottle, tightly stoppered under cork and capsule, a sleeping genie. Decanting wakes the wine up, helps it snap to attention and introduce itself with vigor.

Older red wines naturally produce sediment as they age (white wines rarely do). The color pigments and tannins bond together and fall out of solution. Stirring up the sediment when pouring will cloud a wine’s appearance and can impart bitter flavors and a gritty texture. The sediment is harmless but it’s not pleasant to get this material in your glass or worse in your mouth. It’s safe to assume that a red wine will have accumulated sediment after five to ten years in the bottle and should be decanted.

Here’s how to do it well:

  1. Set the bottle upright for 24 hours or more before drinking, so the sediment can slide to the bottom of the bottle, making it easier to separate. This advice assumes that the bottle was stored properly, cork down or on its side. 
  2. Locate a decanter or other clean, clear vessel from which the wine can easily be poured into glasses. Decanters can be extremely elaborate or quite simple. The best models are dishwasher safe, easy to handle and to store.  A simple glass pitcher will work just fine.  
  3. Remove the wine’s capsule and cork; wipe the bottle neck clean.
  4. Pour the wine into the decanter slowly and steadily, without stopping; when you get to the bottom half of the bottle, pour even more slowly.
  5. Stop as soon as you see the sediment reach the neck of the bottle. Sediment isn’t always chunky and obvious; stop if the wine’s color becomes cloudy or if you see what looks like specks of dust in the neck.
  6. The wine is now ready to serve from the decanter. Discard the remaining ounce or two of sediment-filled liquid in the bottle.
  7. Duckhorn Vineyards makes several age-worthy wines. Most famously, our Three Palms Vineyard Merlot and Howell Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon have the character and substance to gracefully age over a decade. The fortunate wine lover about to open and enjoy one of these wines with a significant bottle age should approach the task with a decanter in hand. Decanting will ensure elegant service as well as invigorate the wine’s flavors and aromas.

At the other end of the spectrum, new release wines can be “tightly wound” in their infancy. It is remarkable what happens to an introverted, shut down wine after as little as an hour spent out of the bottle and in a decanter. A wine that seemed somewhat dull and tight will suddenly awaken and have lots more to say!

Now you know much more about this useful component of my favorite participatory sport. Decanting isn’t fussy or mysterious, simply practical and beneficial.

Time Posted: Oct 4, 2018 at 11:54 AM Permalink to To Decant or Not to Decant Permalink
Jennifer Kolivosky - Vice President, Direct to Consumer

The Magic of Bubbles!

Goldeneye Sparkling

While winemaking is a blend of art and science, it is the production of sparkling wine, or bubbles, that is perhaps most challenging to master. There are so many elements to sparkling wine that make it unique within the winemaking world it comes complete with its own vocabulary: dosage, tirage, remuage, disgorgement. In this post we'll explore many fun facts you never knew about sparkling wine.

It was the 17th century when Pierre Perignon first explored actively trapping the gas of fermentation in wine to create effervescence.

“Come quickly, I’m tasting the stars”, he cried. 

His dedication led to the development of both stronger glass to contain the pressure, and the use of tighter corks to keep the bubbles intact. Thanks, Dom!  Over 100 years later, in the 1800’s, Madame Clicquot (yes, the Widow, or Veuve) developed the practice of remuage (riddling) to remove the yeasty sediment left over from the second fermentation. By meticulously turning the bottles at an inverted angle, the yeasty sludge works its way into the slim neck of the bottle, for removal aka degorgemont (disgorgement).  Once you remove the cap and aforementioned sludge, the bottle is sealed with a tightly secured cork and muselet (muzzle, the charming wire cage) to keep the contents intact. It is after these innovations that sparkling wine took its place as the most elegant of beverages.

Perhaps one of the most fascinating elements of sparkling winemaking is the ability to anticipate what the future will bring. For assemblage (blending wines) of the base wines, the winemaker must predict what the wines will taste like with the addition of the dosage (the sugared liqueur addition that causes the 2nd fermentation in the bottle) and bottle aging before the wines are released. This decision happens typically 3-4 years before the wine is available for purchase, while the bottle is en tirage (state of aging).

Any grape can be used to make sparkling wine, but traditional grapes include Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and the lesser known Pinot Meunier. The beautiful pink hue will come, as with still rose production, from limited skin contact with red grapes. The more complex, and daring, way to achieve the color of choice is by blending in a small portion of still red wine into a white wine base. Truly a task for a highly skilled winemaker.

Our own gorgeous and newly released 2015 Goldeneye Brut Rosé displays a pink hue and consists of 72% Pinot Noir and 28% Chardonnay, a modern classic indeed!

Time Posted: Sep 20, 2018 at 9:53 AM Permalink to The Magic of Bubbles! Permalink
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